Password Protect Directories Icon

You can password protect directories (folders) via cPanel, protecting all the files within the password protected folders.

Note: At this time, cPanel can only protect directories, not individual files. Any file that needs protection can be placed in a protected directory.

To password protect directory:

  1. Log into your cPanel and click on the Password Protect Directories icon found under Security.
  2. Choose Web Root (you may also need to select Show Hidden Files)
  3. Click on the name of the directory that you wish to password protect.
  4. Check the box for Password protect this directory.
  5. Fill in Name the protected directory field. This will be the message shown to visitors when they try to login and can be anything you like.
  6. Click on the Save button below.
  7. Click Go Back.
  8. Fill in a Username and Password at the bottom of the page, and click Add/modify authorized user.

To ensure your directory has been password protected, launch your browser and view the directory. If the browser prompts you to login, then your folder has been password protected.

Warning! This password has a maximum of 8 characters. Any characters typed beyond the first 8 will not be required by visitors.

404 Error When Using a URL with a Shared Server SSL

If you are accessing a password protected directory with a URL that includes the use of a shared server SSL (https://securexxx.hostgator.com/~<user>/<whatever>) and receiving a
404 error, this is because  Apache is looking for a 401 page and serving a 404 when it is not found.

To resolve this, add a single line to the .htaccess file in the protected directory, to give Apache the 401 page it is looking for (ErrorDocument 401 "Authorization Required").

For information on how to add this line to your .haccess file, please read:

Example

In the following code, please be sure to replace yourusername with your actual cPanel username, and also be sure the gator114 is replaced with your actual server number. This information can be found in your welcome email as well as on the left navigation menu in your cPanel.

Before Fix:

[root@gator114 /home/yourusername/www/home]# more .htaccess.old

AuthType Basic
AuthName "home"
AuthUserFile "/home/yourusername/.htpasswds/public_html/home/passwd"
require valid-user 

After Fix:

[root@gator114 /home/yourusername/www/home]# more .htaccess

AuthType Basic
AuthName "home"
AuthUserFile "/home/yourusername/.htpasswds/public_html/home/passwd"
require valid-user
ErrorDocument 401 "Authorization Required"

500 Error After Login

Check the folder ownership on the .htpasswds folder (above public_html). Change them from user.user to user.nobody and ensure the permissions are set to 750 and then refresh your protected page. The error will be gone.

Shared and Reseller customers will need HostGator's help to change any file's ownership. Please contact us via phone or live chat to make this change.

cPanelcPanel is a popular web hosting control panel that helps you manage your hosting account and assists you in creating web sites, managing e-mail addresses, & installing applications to a server.

cPanel is available on all HostGator Linux hosting plans, including Shared Hosting, Reseller Hosting, VPS and Linux Dedicated Servers.